Ratio of Debt to Income
Your ratio of debt to income is a formula lenders use to calculate how much money can be used for a monthly mortgage payment after you have met your other monthly debt payments.
How to figure your qualifying ratio
Usually, conventional mortgage loans require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of gross monthly income that can go to housing costs (including mortgage principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property tax, and HOA dues).
The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing costs and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes auto payments, child support and credit card payments.
A 28/36 ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, use this Mortgage Qualification Calculator.
Don't forget these ratios are only guidelines. We will be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford.
At First Southeast Mortgage Corporation, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Give us a call at 954.920.9799.