Fixed versus adjustable rate loans
With a fixed-rate loan, your monthly payment never changes for the life of your loan. The amount of the payment that goes for principal (the amount you borrowed) will increase, but the amount you pay in interest will decrease accordingly. The property taxes and homeowners insurance which are almost always part of the payment will increase over time, but generally, payment amounts on fixed rate loans vary little.
At the beginning of a a fixed-rate mortgage loan, the majority the payment is applied to interest. As you pay on the loan, more of your payment is applied to principal.
Borrowers can choose a fixed-rate loan to lock in a low interest rate. People select these types of loans when interest rates are low and they want to lock in the low rate. For homeowners who have an ARM now, refinancing into a fixed-rate loan can provide more consistency in monthly payments. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, we'll be glad to assist you in locking a fixed-rate at a good rate. Call First Southeast Mortgage Corporation at 954.920.9799 for details.
There are many kinds of Adjustable Rate Mortgages. Generally, interest rates on ARMs are determined by a federal index. A few of these are: the 6-month CD rate, the one-year rate on Treasure Securities, the Federal Home Loan Bank's 11th District Cost of Funds Index (COFI), or others.
Most programs have a cap that protects borrowers from sudden monthly payment increases. Some ARMs can't adjust more than two percent per year, regardless of the underlying interest rate. Your loan may have a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest rate directly, caps the amount your payment can increase in one period. Almost all ARMs also cap your interest rate over the life of the loan period.
ARMs most often have the lowest rates toward the start of the loan. They provide that interest rate for an initial period that varies greatly. You've probably read about 5/1 or 3/1 ARMs. For these loans, the introductory rate is fixed for three or five years. It then adjusts every year. These kinds of loans are fixed for a number of years (3 or 5), then adjust. Loans like this are best for borrowers who anticipate moving within three or five years. These types of adjustable rate programs benefit people who plan to sell their house or refinance before the initial lock expires.
You might choose an ARM to get a lower introductory rate and plan on moving, refinancing or absorbing the higher rate after the introductory rate expires. ARMs can be risky when property values decrease and borrowers can't sell or refinance.
Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at 954.920.9799. It's our job to answer these questions and many others, so we're happy to help!