How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since we live in an automated world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to compile a FICO score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to determine your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will probably find their scores falling between 620 and 800.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your FICO score
In order to raise your score, you've got to get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 954.920.9799.